Because of the importance of the Great Lakes fishery to contemporary Ojibwa communities in the Upper Great Lakes region, Ojibwas face relatively high risks of experiencing some health problems in relation to the general population of the Great Lakes region. Currently, Ojibwas are instructed to follow state fish consumption advisories in order to limit their fish intakes and reduce their risk of exposure to persistent toxic substances that contribute to health problems.
This strategy is ineffective because the advisories are based on irrelevant criteria, and because many Ojibwas do not follow the advisories. In order for a risk management strategy aimed at protecting Ojibwa fish consumers' health to be effective, it must be culturally relevant. A culturally relevant risk management paradigm would allow Ojibwa communities to develop their own strategies from the appropriate cultural context.