COVID-19 Information

As we work together to battle the coronavirus, we will continue to offer safe and secure online sessions . Even though the American Indian Studies office(s) are closed, in accordance with the guidelines recommended by CDC, we are working remotely and continuing to provide student, staff, and faculty assistance. We can be reached Monday-Friday 8am-5pm Mountain Standard Time at 520-626-8143, or by email to

Get COVID-19 updates and information for the University of Arizona community. Also, see SBS resources for continuing instruction and learning.

Hopi Hova: Anthropological Assumptions of Gendered Otherness in Native American Societies

The Hopi word hova is glossed in the Hopi Dictionary as homosexual, transvestite, similar to the berdache. This thesis explores the meanings of the words homosexual, transvestite, and berdache in order to gain a better understanding of the Hopi word hova. Most of the major extant, published, anthropological literature regarding the words berdache and hova are reviewed and analyzed. Other cultural ideas such as Navajo nádleehí and Zuni lhamana are also analyzed for cross-cultural purposes. As the anthropological literature is inadequate for explaining the Hopi word hova, future research options and projects are proposed in favor of a static conclusion.


Robert Christopher Basaldú


Tom Holm





Arizona State Museum: 

M9791 B38h


AAT 1398033

UA Library: 

E9791 1999 383
College of Social and Behavioral Sciences