This thesis examines the interrelatedness of language, land and history in contemporary Native American oral and written forms of poetry. Part one and two are the introduction and literature review, respectively. Part three consists of transcripts of taped interviews with four Native American writers, Simon Ortiz, Ofelia Zepeda, Phil Cash Cash, and Luci Tapahonso. Part four is a three part written commentary examining the written work of the aforementioned authors in the context of language, history, and land. Parts five and six conclude the thesis with closing remarks and works cited.