COVID-19 Information

As we work together to battle the coronavirus, we will continue to offer safe and secure online sessions . Even though the American Indian Studies office(s) are closed, in accordance with the guidelines recommended by CDC, we are working remotely and continuing to provide student, staff, and faculty assistance. We can be reached Monday-Friday 8am-5pm Mountain Standard Time at 520-626-8143, or by email to

Get COVID-19 updates and information for the University of Arizona community. Also, see SBS resources for continuing instruction and learning.

Sovereignty and Austerity: The Evolution of Reservation Water Quality Control in the Reagan Area

This thesis explores the origins of the Environmental Protection Agency’s 1984 Indian Policy statement, and the subsequent effects of the “treatment as states” (TAS) designation of Indian tribes under the Clean Water Act. By way of a “reflective policy” model, careful attention is given to the Reagan administration’s shaping of both American Indian and environmental affairs, noting that the EPA policy statement was largely a result of issues extraneous to reservations. Further analysis reveals that tribal efforts to control water quality may have ultimately differed from what the Reagan administration envisioned, but nevertheless remain a cogent tool for promoting cultural relevancy and asserting Indian sovereignty and self-determination in the face of state jurisdictional encroachment.


John Barrett


Rob Williams





Arizona State Museum: 

M9791 B37s
College of Social and Behavioral Sciences